CO2 is a thermodynamically very stable molecule and does not react easily. If CO2 can be reduced to CO in an energy-efficient manner, CO can be further converted to various chemicals using syn-gas chemistry. Hence, various approaches for CO2 reduction such as electro-catalytic reduction, efficient thermal reduction, reverse water gas shift reaction, etc., can be developed.
Lignin valorisation: Conversion into fuels, chemicals and materials -
Production of second generation (2G) ethanol from agricultural residue would generate large quantities of lignin as a byproduct. Lignin is a heterogeneous aromatic polymer and it is very difficult to depolymerise and upgrade into fuels or chemicals. At present, most of the lignin generated is burned to meet process heat requirements. Converting lignin into bio-based chemicals and polymers can help improve the economics of cellulosic ethanol plants. Lignin can be converted into valuable bio-polymers, chemicals and fuels through thermo-chemical and biological methods.
Design of proto-type Hydrogen storage tank with adsorbent/hydride and demonstration in a vehicle -
Hydrogen has drawn attention as a next-generation energy carrier for mobile and stationery power sources. For transport needs, Hydrogen is mostly stored in a compressed from (at 350-700 bars) while methods for its storage at lower pressures are rapidly developing using adsorption-based Hydrogen storage (AHS) systems. Abundant adsorbents such as activated carbons, carbon fibers, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanohorns, fullerenes, zeolites, and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have been explored as adsorbents for Hydrogen. A Hydrogen storage system based on AHS can provide a safe alternative for on-board hydrogen storage.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is extensively used in domestic as well as industrial cooking. It is a precious and non-renewable energy source. Therefore, it is highly essential to use it efficiently by employing energy-efficient devices. With the objective of conserving LPG fuel, IndianOil is looking for design and development of energy-efficient devices for domestic & industrial cooking that surpass the thermal efficiencies of devices available in the market.
Low-cost efficient vapour recovery system at fuel stations -
Evaporative emission of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) is of great concern during various stages of handling of transport fuels in the distribution network. Currently, technology for control of VOC is achieved through deployment of VRS system, which is available from a limited number of suppliers. Hence, development of such a system will enable Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) to control VOC emissions effectively at reduced cost. The various points where the product could have possible application
Lorry loading point, Lorry unloading at fuel stations,Vehicle filling by fuel stations (Nozzle design) or any other application,
Process methods using solvent/acid treatment for re-refining of used lubricating oils available in the market are not eco-friendly solutions for the problem. However, since oil conservation is of immediate importance & used oil disposal in an environment-friendly way is of utmost importance, we are looking for novel concept/idea for re-refining used lubricating oils in an eco-friendly manner, without solvent/acid treatment.
At present, Hydrogen is produced mostly by reforming fossil fuel sources – petroleum feedstocks – which is a cost-intensive process and defeats the very purpose of conserving scarce petroleum reserves. Production of Hydrogen through renewable route will reduce dependency on petroleum feedstocks and may also reduce production costs.
The existing lube testing equipment is very costly & can't be deployed in field. There is need for an effective methodology & toolkit for
monitoring conditions of lube during its use in field. Such lube test kits will provide a quick assessment of lubricant
quality & will help in controlling associated machinery failure.
The proposed kit should aim at at least giving accurate information of used oils with respect to viscosity,total base number, total acid number & moisture content
Around 7-12 metric tonnes/hour of Carbondioxide (CO2) with 99.72% purity (dry basis) is generated from the Mono Ethylene Glycol (MEG) plant and the same is vented into the atmosphere. IndianOil is looking for innovative & novel concept/idea for converting CO2 to valuable product(s) to reduce environmental impact.
Innovative plug between petroleum products to avoid inter-mixing during transportation through multi-product pipelines
Petroleum products are generally pumped in batches through a single multi-product pipeline. To ensure meeting product quality requirements, a typical batch sequencing is followed while transporting products through pipeline.
A typical batch sequencing is: [Motor Spirit (MS)] – [Pipeline Compatible Kerosene(PCK)] – [High speed Diesel(HSD)] – [PCK] – [Superior Kerosene Oil (SKO)] – [PCK] – [HSD].
During transportation of petroleum products through pipelines, some inter-mixing between products may happen. This mix of products is known as Interface. In the sequence given above, the interface of [MS-PCK] is taken in Motor Spirit (MS), [HSD-PCK] is taken in High Speed Diesel (HSD), [SKO-PCK] is taken in Superior Kerosene Oil (SKO). PCK is the same as SKO but with Sulphur content in line with BS-IV or BS-VI product specifications.
With mixing of [MS-PCK] interface in Motor Spirit (MS), some quality degradation happens.
An innovative method/procedure for preventing mixing of products (such as inflatable balloons, bio-degradable jelly, etc.), as plugs in between two different products is to be developed.
Problem Statement Type
30th October , 2018
30th October , 2018
Energy / Renewable Energy
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