Coconut refers to coconut without husk that is normally available at Retail shops. Said coconut consists of Outer shell, Coconut meat (with 45-55% moisture) & water inside. Copra manufacturing from Coconut involves breaking of coconut, scooping and subsequent Sun Drying of coconut meat. The entire process takes around 6-7 days. Moisture of final copra (dried coconut meat) is around 5-6%. Copra Yield is defined as the amount of copra produced from 1 kg of coconut. Yield ranges from 23% to 34% and is key Parameter for defining Nut quality and Prices. (Yield many a times is referred as Outturn in coconut domain)
One can estimate exact copra yield only after completion of entire drying operation. Samples getting mechanically dried instead of Sun drying can reduce the time for yield estimation but again it will still not allow Yield determination at time of Buying nuts. Also said process will be based upon sampling and subjected to friction between seller and buyer. Currently there is no way of estimating instant Yield at time of purchase.
Inability to estimate the yield of copra is quite critical problem in the entire value change as either seller or Buyer suffer losses due to poor yield estimates at point of sale.
What is needed - The need of the hour is a sampling / continuous testing machine (Non Invasive type) which can accurately estimate the yield of the coconut at point of purchase.
More than 1/3rd of the coconut farm cost consists of labour expenses. The major heads for the same are harvesting charges. Harvesting requires skilled set of labours and shortage of labour leads to higher cost and delay in harvesting. Also the number of trees that can be harvested manually remains a constraint.
Previous innovations in this field like the coconut climbing machine has had limited success because the speed of operation becomes slow and there is unwillingness of the farmer to be a climber himself. Hence the problem remains unsolved.
What is needed: A harvesting machine/mechanization which can be directed / controlled easily from ground without needing farmer / labour to climb the tree. Expectations from said mechanization -
1. Accurate cutting and harvesting ability.
2. Cost benefit vs Manual Climbing
3. Low effort required to activate and use
Heating in personal care and beauty solutions is a unique vector which is used for up regulation of various benefits like better penetration or absorption, easy spreadability, relieving senses, enhancing blood circulation etc. Heat available naturally is much diffused whereas direct or indirect heating modes are inconvenient & expensive. For instance, hot oil massage is a common Indian Consumer practice. In order to heat the oil, common practice is heating the bowl over heater (direct mode) or in hot water (indirect mode); both of which are messy and inconvenient.
Potential innovations in this field suffer from cost upcharge due to sophisticated heating elements and safety concerns. There is a need for low cost heating solution for single use product amount (say 2-10 gm) to warm temperature (35-45oC).
What is needed: An ultra-portable and low-cost heating solution for single use amount of cosmetic product with following expectations-
- Cost <15 INR per piece
- Temperature of product to rise upto 45oC
- Utilization of resources available at home without adding any inconvenience
Our nose is so used to our own body odor that we can’t smell our own sweat. In order to avoid getting pointed out by others, the solution can be a portable sensor which can detect and convey the state of body odor and recommend corrective action.
Sensors are available for detection of various volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Miniaturization of the sensors and fitting it as smartphone attachment- using any available mobile ports- for detection of body odor and algorithm to recommend the corrective action.
What is needed: An ultra-portable and low-cost body odor measurement probe attachment for smartphone and accompanying application with following expectations-
- Low Cost Attachment
- Differentiate intensity and character of odor detected
- Differentiate between fragrance and body odor (both are volatile compounds
Glucose monitoring helps people with diabetes manage the disease and avoid its associated problems. A person can use the results of glucose monitoring to make decisions about food, physical activity, and medications. Most common way to check glucose levels involves pricking a fingertip with an automatic lancing device to obtain a blood sample and then using a glucose meter to measure the blood sample’s glucose level.
Steps toward non-invasive monitoring solutions have borne fruit with the launch of flash monitoring technology with a minimally invasive patch and techniques showing promise in terms of smart tattoo, smart lens and smart watch. There is still a need for low cost, 24-h, non-invasive glucose monitoring techniques which can employ surrogate body fluids like sweat, saliva etc. to estimate blood glucose level with a reasonable accuracy. The accuracy levels of the device should be good enough to take decisions on the food, activity and medication regime.
What is needed: Non-Invasive, Continuous Blood Glucose measurement technique with following requirements
- Low Cost (both one-time and recurring cost)
- Reasonable accuracy of glucose levels to help decide on regime choices
Problem Statement Type
17th November , 2018
17th November , 2018
Healthcare & Biomedical Devices
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